- Scoliosis is curvature of spine, a condition commonly seen in many people.
- Curvature can range from mild to severe – giving the spine a characteristic “S” shape. The mild forms do not cause much harm except asymmetry in the body. But the severe forms have serious health effects such as pain, breathing problems and disability.
- Scoliosis can be treated with physiotherapy, use of brace or surgery. The spinal curvature can be successfully corrected by choice of appropriate treatment.
Congenital scoliosis develops before birth, due to incorrect formation or fusion of spinal bones.
Idiopathic scoliosis is a name given to a form of scoliosis which has no obvious cause for the curving of spine. It is the most common form of scoliosis seen in adolescents between 6-16 years. Young girls are more likely to be affected by idiopathic scoliosis than boys.
Neuromuscular Scoliosis is commonly observed in patients with neuromuscular disorders, especially those with limited ability to move. Patients with cerebral palsy, spinal muscular atrophy, polio, paralysis may develop scoliosis due to postural problems.
Spinal curvature affects internal organs and can compress lungs leading to difficulty in breathing. Deformity and pain also have other psychological side-effects such as loss of confidence affecting functioning of an otherwise normal person.
Scoliosis can be most effectively corrected if detected in early phases and at young age. The earlier the diagnosis, better are the chances of 100% recovery and normal growth.
- Most often this condition has no known cause, in which case it is called idiopathic scoliosis. It is seen more often in young children between 8-15 years. Young girls are more likely to have scoliosis than young boys.
- To know more about Idiopathic Adolescent Scoliosis https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/scoliosis/scoliosis-what-you-need-know
- Scoliosis can also develop in adults, due to lifestyle or other neuromuscular diseases.
- Scoliosis is NOT caused by standing incorrectly or carrying weight.
- It is not through any fault of the patient..
- Scoliosis in early stages or in mild forms is hardly noticeable to untrained eyes.
- In later stages patient develops mild to severe deformity. Uneven or asymmetric shoulders, waist appearing flat on one side and more curved on the other are common. An asymmetric hump on the back is noticed when patient bends forward.
- Pain on one side, difficulty in breathing, inability to sleep on back, shortening of one leg are symptoms seen in patients with severe curves.
- Only the visible symptoms are noticed by others and patient has to endure adverse comments on deformity and advice to stand straight.
- Its necessary to give immediate attention to symptoms and start correction with trained professionals.
- It is most necessary to be kind and supportive at all times towards the patient who is already suffering physical and mental discomfort.
- The spinal curvature can be successfully corrected by choice of appropriate treatment.
- Surgical and non-surgical treatments are generally suggested depending upon the degree and nature of spinal curve, patients’ age and other symptoms.
- Non-surgical treatments include physiotherapy and use of brace.
- In India, awareness about this common condition is lacking, and many are patients are left untreated or are treated by highly invasive surgical methods.
- Early detection is the key to successful treatment and reduction of spinal curvature by non-surgical methods.